The Ohio Patrolmen's Benevolent Association (O.P.B.A)


We hear daily news reports of the stagnant economy, the decline of the middle class and the debate over minimum wage increases.  I believe there is a general discontent among average Americans over their existing economic conditions and particularly those in the lower socio-economic group.  The wealth gap continues to grow, opportunities for advancement continue to decline and the average American is disillusioned and frustrated by the stagnation.  The government is mired in gridlock with multi-millionaires bickering over a $.25 increase in the minimum wage.  Corporate profits soar and the stock market rises on the backs of the American worker.  As a purely anecdotal observation, it would seem not unlikely that this general American discontent will be sparked into protest and civil unrest.

“It used to be that when the U.S. economy grew, workers up and down the economic ladder saw their incomes increase, too. But over the past 25 years, the economy has grown 83 percent, after adjusting for inflation — and the typical family’s income hasn’t budged.  In that time, corporate profits doubled as a share of the economy. Workers today produce nearly twice as many goods and services per hour on the job as they did in 1989, but as a group, they get less of the nation’s economic pie.  In 81 percent of America’s counties, the median income is lower today than it was 15 years ago.”[1]

Bloomberg conducted an analysis that “compared the disclosed CEO compensation mandated by the SEC — including salary, bonus, perks, changes in pension accruals, and the value of stock-based awards — with U.S. government data on average worker pay and benefits by industry.”[2] “The AFL-CIO’s average CEO-to-worker multiple at big U.S. companies is 357.  Bloomberg’s average ratio for Standard & Poor’s 500 companies is 204; the average of the top 100 companies [that Bloomberg studied] was 495.  That is, CEOs of the companies on that table averaged 495 times the income of nonsupervisory workers in their industries.”[3] The companies that Bloomberg studied were all publicly traded companies (as compared to privately held companies where owners receive the profits).  For example, depending on the average ratio used, if the average worker in a particular industry made $50,000 per year, the CEOs of that industry were paid $17,850,000, according to the AFL-CIO, or $10,200,000, according to Bloomberg.  A ridiculous disparity exists between the rank-and-file-worker pay and CEO pay.  “Peter Drucker, the celebrated management theorist, certainly thought the CEO-to-rank-and-file multiple mattered. Starting with a 1977 article and until his death in 2005, Drucker considered 25-to-1 or even 20-to-1 the appropriate limit. Beyond that, he indicated, it’s bad for business.”[4] In Drucker’s view, the excessively high CEO-to-employee ratio undermines teamwork and promotes a winner-takes-all culture.[5]

Further troubling is the gap between worker pay and company revenue based on productivity.  In an interview with Jan W. Rivkin, an economist and senior-associate Dean for research at Harvard Business School, the question was asked about the decline of unions and the affect on the middle class.  Rivkin replied, “From the end of WWII until the 1970s productivity in the U.S. and median wages grew in lockstep. But from the late 1970s until today we've seen a divergence, with productivity growing faster than wages. The divergence indicates that companies and the people who own and run them are doing much better than the people who work at the companies.  If the U.S. economy was healthy and competitive, we'd see firms able to do two things: win in the global marketplace and lift the living standards of the average American. Large businesses and the people who run them, and invest in them, are thriving but working and middle-class Americans are struggling — as are many small businesses.[6] When asked what role the decline of collective bargaining played in creating the gap, Rivkin replied that there are several causes, one of which “is shifts in institutions and politics and bargaining power, which is embodied in the decline in collective bargaining and the weakening of labor unions. There’s no question that that is part of the story.”[7]

In 1983, the CEO to worker gap was 46-to1.[8] The average two-parent American family worked more hours – 26 percent more hours – in 2009 than in 1973; however, earned only 23 percent more in pay in 2009 than it did in 1973, after adjusting for inflation.[9] “Take away the extra time on the job and wages haven’t gone up at all for the median family in more than 40 years.”[10]

“In 1983, the first year in which comparable union membership data are available, 20 percent of employees were unionized.  By 1990, 16 percent of employees were unionized. The unionized share currently stands at 11 percent. This prolonged decline has been driven by a sharp drop in private sector unionization rates. Today, only 7 percent of private sector workers are union members.”[11]

According to Forbes Magazine, “the decline of unions and worker bargaining power has hurt the middle class more than they know.”[12] Forbes’ study showed that the middle class share of income almost mirrors the decline of union membership and that there is a high correlation between union membership and middle class income.[13] Forbes noted that, “There are of course other factors that affected middle class income but the decline of unions and their wages was certainly a big factor. The long term goal of the corporations to get rid of unions was part of a larger goal of reducing labor costs.  The economist Joseph Stieglitz has asserted that, ‘strong unions have helped reduce inequality, whereas weaker unions have made it easier for CEOS, sometimes working with market forces that they have helped shape, to increase it. The decline in unionization since World War II in the United States has been associated with a pronounced rise in income and wealth inequality.’”[14]

Yet, 93% of private sector employees, through largely their own choice, have no bargaining power to demand better wages and benefits.  Consider that million and billion Dollar corporations have teams of the brightest lawyers in the Country ready to suppress any worker demands and abolish a united workforce.  Imagine what bargaining power a lone employee making $10.00 an hour has to demand better wages from his/her employer.  That employee is likely to be shown the exit door.  It is time to swing the pendulum back in favor of the working American.

As a public employee, you may ask, “why do I care?”  1) The “Right-to-Work” trend in the United States is specifically designed to reduce the bargaining power of public sector labor associations just as the government and corporations have stripped private sector employees of bargaining power; 2) the decline of the middle-class and the tax Dollars associated with it will reduce local government revenues, which public sector wages are based on; 3) the future of civil unrest will continue to grow and as Police Officers, you are on the front lines.  If the anti-union advocates are successful in stripping public sector bargaining rights, the same decline in worker pay, benefits and job security will surely ensue.

It matters little whether you are Republican, Democrat, independent, conservative, liberal or of any other political philosophy, the present reality is that the wave of worker suppression affects every average American.  The only way to maintain the present bargaining rights of public sector employees and to reassert the rights of private sector employee is to stand united.  Police Officers, Firefighters and all public employees must speak with one voice and stand against the private interest groups and politicians seeking to strip our rights.  Private sector employees, your spouses, neighbors, and friends, should be encouraged to work together to improve their terms and conditions of employment.

Prophetically, John F. Kennedy said 55 years ago, “We are going to have over 300 million people living in this country in the year 2000. Many of them will live in this state. We are going to have to make sure that we pass on to our children a country which is using natural resources given to us by the Lord to the maximum; that every drop of water that flows to the ocean first serves a useful and beneficial purpose; that the resources of the land are used, whether it is agriculture or whether it is oil or minerals; that we move ahead here in the West and move ahead here in the United States. *** Pittsburgh, Wyoming, Montana, Wisconsin are all tied together. A rising tide lifts all the boats. If we are moving ahead here in the West, if we are moving ahead in agriculture, if we are moving ahead in industry, if we have an administration that looks ahead, then the country prospers. But if one section of the country is strangled, if one section of the country is standing still, then sooner or later a dropping tide drops all the boats, whether the boats are in Boston or whether they are in this community.”[15]

[1] Tankersley, Jim, Why the Middle Class Is Lost, The Washington Post, December 12, 2014.

[2] Smith, Elliott Blair and Phil Kuntz, Disclosed: The Pay Gap Between CEOs and Employees, Bloomberg Business, May 2, 2013.

[3] Id.

[4] Id.

[5] Id.

[6] White, Gillian S., Why the Gap Between Worker Pay and Productivity Is So Problematic, The Atlantic, February 25, 2015.

[7] Id.

[8] Wong, Vanessa, Top CEOs Make 331 Times the Average Worker. Does Anyone Care?, Bloomberg Business, April 18, 2014.

[9] Tankersley, Jim, The Devalued American Worker, The Washington Post, December 12, 2014.

[10] Id.

[11] Meyer, Jared, Why 78 Million Millennials Are Choosing Non-Union Jobs, The Fiscal Times, April 14, 2015.

[12] Collins, Mike, The Decline Of Unions Is A Middle Class Problem, Forbes, March 19, 2015.

[13] Id.

[14] Id.

[15] Senator John F. Kennedy in Cheyenne, Wyoming, September 23, 1960 – Lazere, Donald, at: http://historynewsnetwork.org/article/73227#sthash.ac93JuuV.dpuf


A Message from the Executive Director April 2015

OPBA Continues to work at State Level 

Finally it appears the winter is ending and spring is near.  The OPBA has been hard at work and continues to fight for its members at the State level.

On February 27th I along with OPBA Attorneys Joe Hegedus, Dan Leffler and Andy Douglas were invited to Columbus to speak with Dr. Reginald Wilkinson.  Dr. Wilkinson is a member of the commission formed by the Attorney General Mike DeWine’s Office.  The mission of the commission is to review police training standards in Ohio.  This review by the commission starts at the police academy level and continues for active officers and deputies.  The OPBA’s representatives stressed to Dr. Wilkinson that the commission must not create “unfunded mandates.”  The OPBA believes that training for all Police Officers, Sheriff’s Deputies, Corrections Officers and Dispatchers is important, but with local government funding continuing to be cut there must be a funding mechanism in place.  The OPBA will continue to monitor this commission.

The OPBA has also been mindful of our members’ interests in the Ohio Pension Systems.  In fact an OPBA member George Sakellakis from the Brook Park Police Department is running for Trustee of The Ohio Police and Fire Pension Board active police officer position.  I have come to know George from his attendance at OPBA meetings.  George is currently a Police Sergeant within his Department.

George has military experience in the Army and also has three college degrees, including a law degree.  George is a practicing attorney and holds law licenses in Ohio and Washington D.C. The OPBA Executive Board voted in February to endorse George Sakellakis for Trustee to the OP & F Board.  Good Luck George!

I am excited to announce that the OPBA will have three family baseball outings throughout the State.  Cleveland, Cincinnati and Toledo will be the venues.

Please plan to attend Police Week activities.  National Police Week begins May 10th in Washington D.C.  The Greater Cleveland Peace Officers Memorial Society’s 30th Anniversary Commemoration takes place May 14th – 17th.  Never forget to “Honor Our Fallen”.

It is that time of year to remind our membership that the OPBA policy is not to release any information to any company or vendor.  If a company has information that they wish to send our membership they must use our mail house and incur all the costs of such mailings.  There is one free benefit, a $4000 Accidental Death and Dismemberment policy, that is currently provided by American Income Life, (AIL).  Members in good standing do not need to do anything to receive this benefit.  If you choose to return the enclosed card from AIL they will contact you to list your beneficiary and to also present other insurance or investment products.  This information is in the cover letter.  They have assisted at least 6 families over the last 6+ years of being associated with the OPBA.  They have similar relationships with other police and labor unions in Ohio.

Stay Safe!


Law Enforcement Bulletin April 2015

Ohio Attorney General's Law Enforcement Bulletin

April 2015

Read More Articles View and Print a PDF

Close Call Reporting: Why it’s Important for Officer Safety

LEB April 2015

Close Call reporting not only prevents injury, but can maintain a climate of safety, give law enforcement an open forum to discuss concerns, and raise awareness of issues affecting safety.

Search & Seizure of Vehicles (Mistakes of Law and Investigatory Stops): Heien v. North Carolina

As a peace officer, you’re expected to know the law of your jurisdiction, but laws are not always clear. They can be confusing and contradictory. When that happens, peace officers try to make reasonable interpretations of what the law means.

Proper Protocol (Search Warrants & State Databases): State of Ohio v. Myers

Question: Do you need a warrant to search a State database? Quick Answer: A warrant is not needed if the statute or code provides a method of access for law enforcement and you comply with those requirements.

Search & Seizure (Preemptive Seizure of Property Without Search Warrant): State of Ohio v. Welch

The most important thing that occurred in this case was that the officers obtained a warrant, in a reasonable time period after seizure, before accessing the evidence. It may have been a different ruling by the court if the property had been searched prior to obtaining the warrant.


Vote for George Sakellakis

My name is George Sakellakis.  I am a sergeant at the Brook Park police department, where I am in my thirteenth year.  With my prior PERS time (Cleveland EMS) and military time (U.S. Army), I’ll be retiring in the next ten years or so.  I am running for trustee of the Ohio Police and Fire Pension Fund’s Board of Trustees active police officer position because I am worried about our retirement system.  For the last few years, our pension has been under attack.  Instead of waiting for some recently-enacted changes to make the fund stronger as required by law, politics has mandated these changes into unrealistic timelines, forcing active and retired officers to absorb high contributions and less benefits.  Our health care fund has been raided and depleted to the point that a retiree has to work in retirement just to pay for their pension fund-sponsored health insurance (as a retiree how much they’re paying; you won’t be happy).  Politicians use the pension to grandstand themselves into media relevancy.  Enough is enough!

 I believe the strength of our pension attracts and retains true professionals to do a job that few want to do, and even fewer can do successfully.  The mold of police officer that we want on our shifts and on our streets is directly correlative to the degree that officers feel someone has their backs.  We are a special breed, and I believe that after spending a career wading through the crap (both literally and figuratively), the politics, and the nightmares that make up our beloved calling, a basic, comfortable retirement is not too much to ask.

I intend to stand for a strong pension.  This means making sound decisions in the best interests of our members, building positive relationships with state officials that oversee our fund and make its associated law, and standing tough in the face of political attack when necessary.  The Board has recently seen a major increase in their powers; they can now do with a simple vote what before required legislation.  There has never been a more important Trustee election.

The OPBA is an outstanding organization that truly has their members’ backs, and I am extremely honored to receive their endorsement.  It is imperative that when you receive your ballot in the first week of May, you will vote for someone you can trust.  I respectfully ask for your vote.